Saturday, 17 October 2015

6 for 1 in Lok Tsui, Tuen Mun: Candidate Background

6 for 1 in Lok Tsui, Tuen Mun: Candidate Background
Original article


Albert HO (aged 64):
[2011 - Lok Tsui: 1879 votes/51.3%]
- incumbent district councillor from Democratic Party HK (DPHK) and Legislative Council member
- former chairman of DPHK
- did not support de facto referendum in 2010
- DPHK had a scandal of entering the Chinese Liaison Office in 2010 on the Constitutional Reform
- lives in Hong Kong island
- did not disclose the identity as a director of a company, which owns a property in Happy Valley
- participated in the Chief Executive election in 2012
- surfed on girlies during the Budget in 2014, LegCo
- assisted in a relocation of power boxes on a narrow passageway in Melody Garden

Julius HO (aged 53):
- chairman of Butterflyers
- solicitor; former chairman of Law Society of HK
- claimed himself as a "social worker" without registration
- recently appointed as Director of Lingnan University in October 2015
- said "did not rule out the possibility of dissolving the LingnanU Student Union" despite he does not have such authority
- indigenous inhabitant in Tuen Mun
- was elected as the representative of Leung Tin Village in 2011
- became Chairman of Tuen Mun Rural Committee as he changed the Memorandum and kicked away Lau Wong-fat, thus become member of Heung Yee Kuk and District Council
- obtained 10,805 votes without "political background" in 2012 LegCo election (NT West)
- opposed the declaration of illegal structures plan by Buildings Department and asked the government to change the current law
- criticised Occupy Central
- suggested the criminalisation of "insulting police officer"
- strong rural network as his dad Ho San-wing, a famous rural "gent" in Tuen Mun, established Yan Oi Tong and has good rapport with Lau Wong-fat and Chan Yat-san

YUEN Wai-chung (aged 61):
[2008 LegCo: 1338 votes/lowest in NT West 2008: 32182 votes]
- founded MESSAGE
His duties and platform in 2008:
- giving sermons in secondary schools and Castle Peak Hospital
- chairman of Melody Garden Owners' Committee
- would promote peaceful unification of China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau
- would better the political system in China and Hong Kong
- had concerns over the impact of online and printed porn on youngsters
- would fight for the extension of library opening time

Leo SHUM Kam-tim (aged unknown, should be over 50):
[2011 - Lok Tsui: 1477 votes/40.40%]
(did not fill in occupation/political affiliation)
- retired Station Sergeant from the police force
- fully supported by NT Association of Societies, a traditional patriotic organisation
- supported by Choi So-yuk and Tam Yiu-chung from DAB
- former teacher in PAOC Ka Chi Secondary School, a secondary school nearby

Dr. CHENG Chung-tai (aged 32):
- Scholar on sociology with academic interests in Hong Kong society and contemporary Chinese society and culture
- Teaching fellow at Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- Member of localist group Civic Passion and host of various political shows on affiliated online channels
- Lead figure in numerous protests and political campaigns mounted against CY Leung’s government and Beijing

CHEUNG Wing-wai:
[no information found up to 17 Oct 2015]

Monday, 12 October 2015

Sing Tao Exclusive: Fake Nun's Secular Lives - Fake Marriages, Private Cars, iPhone 6

Fake Nun's Secular Lives - Fake Marriages, Private Cars, iPhone 6
Translated by Chen-t'ang 鎮棠, written by Sing Tao Daily
Original: A & B

With over a month's investigation, Sing Tao has found out the female chief of Ting Wai Monastery (in Ma Wo Village, Tai Po), Shi Zhiding, had two marriages with mainland monk, in order to help them to gain Hong Kong identity cards. One of them, Ruzhi, has obtained a monk name, Shi Zhiguang, given by Po Lin Monastery in Ngong Ping, after such marriage with Shi Zhiding (or Lung Yan-loi, in secular name) in 2012. Shi Zhiguang has since become the Karma-Dana (General secretary in commoner's word). Marriage between nuns and monks is not only severly against Buddhist rules, but also another way to provide a way for China monks to stay in Hong Kong. She has also been found out that her lifestyle is extravagant, and the accounts of such monastery is but a mess.

Shi Zhiding was born in 27 October 1967 in Jilin Province, China, with her secular name as Shi Aiwen, and became Lung Yan-loi in 1993. She obtained Permanent Residency in Hong Kong since then. She told the media that she became a nun in 1997, but according to the documents in Po Lin Monastery, she became a nun in 2002, and has since become the chief, monitoring over the institution.

According to the Marriage Registry, Shi Zhiding was married in 17 August 2006, with Liu Jianqiang, a 23-year-old merchant. Liu was given a monk name as Shi Zhiqiang after their fake marriage. On such marriage certificate, they said they live in a public housing estate apartment in Tai Yuen Estate, Tai Po, with 2 wedding witnesses who believed are locals.

Shi Zhiding had some telephone conversations with Mary Jean Reimer, a director in Ting Wai Monastery. In which Shi Zhiding admitted twice the fake marriages with Shi Zhiqiang and Ruzhi, and said "I am in fake marriages, do not call the police", "They have obtained HKID cards, you can call the police. It's convenient to others and myself. It is good to be convenient to others, as they work in Po Lin too, and they can provide more comfort to my master (Shi Chuhui, who then lived in Po Lin Monastery). I am not asking Po Lin to give me more money nor asking you more."

Shi disclosed details, too: "Elderly people smells badly because of their urine, and they stink after not bathing for a few days. He was sitting on a chair, and I helped him bathing. He suffers from diabetes, and I dare not to use shower gel, and I use a glove to give him a shower. I took care of the master before, then the one who got HKID card by fake marriage did so. $3,000 a month and to bath for master. Zhiqiang couldn't stay in Hong Kong before, but when he got those ID documents, he helped the master taking bath every day. Master was happy, as if he was a kid."

Sing Tao reporters went to Ting Wai Monastery in 28 August this year, where Shi Zhiding denied of having any sorts of marriage in Hong Kong or China, and retorted by asking why the reporters have to delve into this. That day was having an Obon ceremony, and many Mandarin-speaking monks were chanting. Shi Zhiqiang, the "General Secretary", refused that he is Shi Zhiqiang, and refused to answer all questions from Sing Tao.

After seven years of such marriage, Shi Zhiding and Zhiqiang immediately divorced soon after Zhiqiang obtained HK Permanent Identity Card. Zhiding, who was then 45, married a 38-year-old male teacher, Ruzhi as a "divorced person" in 29 October 2012. They said they live in Classical Gardens, Tai Po. Ruzhi is in turn a monk too, with a secular name Gao Wuguo. He was later given a monk name as Shi Zhiguang by Po Lin as Karma-Dana as well, and "has a high status in the monastery".

During such investigation, Ruzhi (or Shi Zhiguang) has packed his luggage and left Po Lin, and seemed wanting to cut ties with Po Lin. Shi Zhiqiang, the first "husband" of Shi Zhiding, travelled back and forth China and Hong Kong. Most of the time he lives in China except having ceremonies in Hong Kong.
Karma-Dana needs to maintain the law and order within the monastery, and needs "leading morning and evening prays, leading other monks, giving lectures, and chanting charms".
===
Shi Zhiding became a different person after evening. Nearly every night, she returns to the resort in Beverly Hills, Tai Po, on a 7-person-car driven by a male driver, and returns to the monastery in the morning. Shi claims she became a nun in 1997, but actually was in 2002, according to formal documents. She did not perform daily Buddhist duties, but rather, dine out, and even went to a 5-star-hotel and enjoy delicious food, only putting meat aside and eat them all.

According to the Land Registry, the House in Boulevard du Lac, Beverly Hills, Tai Po, was bought by her "disciple", Wang Hui with HK$39.5 million in December 2012. Shi Miaohui, or in secular name Wang Hui, came from China too. She was married and had a pair of daughter, aged 5 and 9. She needs to seek help and get medicines from a psychiatrist. Shi Zhiding said in the phone conversation, "I gave the money to her, she didn't even know how to be a person. She didn't even have the money to have ceremonies for her parents, not even HK$100."

The daughters of Shi Miaohui would sometimes visit Shi Zhiding with the 7-person-car in Ting Wai Monastery. She often talked about selling the house in Beverly Hills with Shi Miaohui.

Ting Wai Monastery was an institution with over 100 years of history. With dilapidated appearance with infected by termites, the monastery has a mouldy wall and broken tiles on the floor. But those who have visited the room of Zhiding said they have seen Shi Zhiding has a nice room with 9 wardrobes of different sizes and a shelf with different skincare products. She also has a private bathroom and all her furnitures are mahogany, an expensive kind of wood. There is a 4-feet king-size bed with a quality mattress, worth of over HK$90,000.

According to their photos and videos, there is a notice of "There is Big and Small Treasure inside, please be aware and close the door". Big and Small Treasure are two female dogs owned by her. The air conditioner will be on 24-hour for them to enjoy. There are wigs and secular clothes and dresses, French skincare products and over a dozen Clarks shoes. What's more, a hairdryer.

Sing Tao reporters have tailed her for her lifestyle. She hopped on a 7-person-car on 20th and 21st September and the male driver drove her to Beverly Hills. They went together in the house, and she returned to the Ting Wai Monastery at 8 am next morning.

Shi Zhiding seldom has dinner in the past three weeks. Most of the time she ate with Shi Miaohui to nearby restaurants. 3pm, 23 September, Zhiding and Miaohui went to Sha Tin to buy a new mobile phone and had afternoon tea together, and returned to the monastery at 6:30pm. A car, EH 7××, registered by Chan Kai-yuen (and his wife), carried Shi Zhiding to the five-star hotel in Harbour Grand Kowloon in Whampoa, with another monk.

Shi Zhiding has a wonderful life if there is no ceremonies. After returning from Beverly Hills to the monastery, she will continue sleeping. When she's up in noon, she would go shopping and afternoon tea with Miaohui and even buy iPhone 6. She even demanded to install Mac computers in the monastery. Her lifestyle didn't fit the Buddhist rule.

According to the observation from Sing Tao, she was often carried by a Mercedes-Benz (RN75××) or BMW car. Often she was carried by a male driver without any company. 

Friday, 9 October 2015

[Undergrad/HKUSU] From Race to Citizen: Football of the Hong Kong Nation

From Race to Citizen: Football of the Hong Kong Nation
Translated by Chen-t'ang 鎮棠, written by Chris Lau Kwun-shing 劉觀成 (Aug 2015)
Original: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0nrPotOynIFLUdMbFFRbjlaZE0/view


("HK TILL I DIE; THE POWER OF HONG KONG", 11 June 2015, Hong Kong vs Bhutan - Passion Times)

("Hongkongers are Bravo!", 11 June 2015, Hong Kong vs Bhutan - Passion Times)

“Do not underestimate any opponent. In this team, there are black-skinned, yellow-skinned, and white-skinned players. We must be cautious against a team with so many colour layers”.
























The passion towards football soared for Hongkongers in June 2015. A provocative poster sparked off the passion for the Hong Kong team. Tickets of three matches with Hong Kong as host were all sold. Hongkongers no longer watch matches of other teams, but our own team. Many people might only know the HK Team from its championship during East Asian Games 2009 or its recent powerful form, but football has rooted deeply in the territory for over 100 years. This articles aims to introduce the history of football in Hong Kong, to delve into the establishment of the Hongkongers subjectivity, and the relationship between football and the Hong Kong nation, as well as how to deepen civil education through football.

The First "Others": the White
The way to establish one's identity is through the demarcation between "us" and "them". Football started from the UK, and took root in Hong Kong, a former British colony. At first, only the White played football. The first football club by the White, Hong Kong Football Club, was founded in 1886; the first Chinese football club in Hong Kong, South China Athletic Association, was founded in 1910. Qing dynasty declined at that time, and Chinese seemed to be suppressed by the White, and thus felt aggrieved.
Thus, in order to defeat "them" -- the White, some local Chinese started their team. With "them", the ethnic identity formed quickly. Around 1918, South China participated in the Hong Kong First Division Football League, and won the champion in 1923-24. After that, the Chinese teams won most of the matches, and thus formed sense of superiority.

Football star and nationalism
Hong Kong football clubs gradually became stronger, yet the team members did not gain the identity of Hong Kong, because the best players were representing the Republic of China (ROC) team, while the weaker ones played for the Hong Kong team. After 1949, ROC went Taiwan and lost the continental China to the Communist Party, hence the People's Republic of China (PRC; its football team usually referred to China PR). During 1954 to 1971, most of the ROC team members were from Hong Kong. This team was so bright that it won two champions in Asian Games, and even entered the quarter-final in 1960 Roma Olympic Games, and we can still see the strength of the team. But what about the players' ethnic identity? Some said the reasons why they represented ROC: some may join the ROC team because of the pro-Taipei background, or could be part of the team which could join the Roma Olympics with better privilege, rather than "emotionally attached to the Chinese nation (zhonghua minzu)". We could not determine the response of the Hongkongers at the time, but if we looked up in the lines of pro-Taipei newspaper, "Hongkongers were supporting the team for bringing honour to ROC - but these might be biased. Usually few in the ROC team were from Taiwan, and the rest were from Hong Kong; or the entire ROC team was from Hong Kong, as well as most who actually played in the field. Hongkongers wholeheartedly supported local football games: last season the average number of audience in a Hong Kong Premier League match was around 1,000, but the battle between South China and KMB in 1951 attracted over 30,000 football fans to a stadium which could contain only 15,000. We could not possibly know people's feeling towards the ROC team, but we can be sure about the passion towards local matches. We could infer that even under the name of ROC, the reason why Hongkongers were so connected to football was brilliant football stars.

Rise of Subjectivity: The Real Hong Kong Team
As United Nations passed General Assembly Resolution 2758 and the rapprochement with PRC went well, no Hongkongers participated in the ROC team after 1971. In 1974, the ROC team was kicked out of AFC, and had declined since then. Before that time Hong Kong Team existed, but with mediocre players, but since then the real Hong Kong team was formed, and attracted a lot of local football fans. The awareness of "Hongkongers supporting Hong Kong team" started to grow.

The first match between Hong Kong and China PR is the 1975 Asian Cup Qualification. Both sides were competing for being qualified in the next round. Hong Kong lost 0:1 to China PR. After the match, pro-Taipei newspapers said Hongkongers cheered for the Hong Kong team, and feel disgruntled about the brutal Chinese team. Pro-Beijing newspaper did not have a particular stance towards Hong Kong or China PR team. In 1959 Asian Cup Qualification, there were opinion of "Hong Kong team should not win ROC team", but there was no similar opinion towards China PR team. The passion towards Hong Kong team can be seen in Hong Kong vs Korea DPR (North Korea). Hong Kong team had an advantage in the early second half, but lost 2:3 to them. From newspaper reports, there were fans holding banners "Make it to Tehran, Hong Kong!" in the cheering team. In 1977 and 1986 World Cup Qualification, Hong Kong team won Singapore and China PR. When the team returned, they were well-received by fans with banners like "Hong Kong team, the best in Asia!" and "Hongkongers are bravo!" (the top picture), which is still commonly used by the fans nowadays. These away games were live on TV, so every Hongkonger could experience the peaks and valleys with the team.

Compared to the '60s, the passion towards Hong Kong team reached its peak from mid-'70s to the '80s. A clear delineation was seen: support was for Hong Kong team, not ROC team. The identity on football shifted from the White-Chinese racial differentiation at first, to the rise of Hong Kong football stars, then to a genuine, strong identity of Hongkonger.

The Fall of HK Football and the Chinese Nation Complex
Since 1990s, the football development in Hong Kong met its ebb, and no longer befit the name of "Football Kingdom". In November 2012, the world ranking of Hong Kong team fell from 90th (in '90s) to 172nd. The ebb is due to several reasons, including the HKFA's policy (which will not be explained here). As the strength of local teams no longer attracts the passion from football fans, and with satellite transmission, Hongkongers chose to watch better foreign matches. Before 1997, "democratic reunification" was a trendy phrase, and the Chinese Nation identity was strengthened, and it could be seen in the sports field. Sports is important in the ethnic identity and emotions. Many Hongkongers will support Team China in the Olympics (and the Chinese media called them the National Team after 1997 - translator's note), and felt thrilled when Team China won hurdle races, diving or table tennis, sometimes even more than Hong Kong team.

According to HKUPOP, the Chinese identity for Hongkongers was the highest in 2008, the year Beijing held Olympic games. Sports and people's emotions are often interconnected - for example, Koreans will be thrilled if they knock Japan down; or the tense atmosphere when the English team is competing with Scotland. The identity of Hongkonger declined as there were very few sports connection in the recent decade; but on the contrary, the identity of Chinese rose as the mainstream media has propagated.

HK football and Revival of the Hongkonger Identity
This June, a poster (the second from the top) from Team China read "Do not underestimate any opponent. In this team, there are black-skinned, yellow-skinned, and white-skinned players. We must be cautious against a team with so many colour layers", mocking there were members with different skin colours. After the public outcry, this poster ignited Hongkongers on supporting Hong Kong Team. This poster has provided an imagination of the Hong Kong Nation -- civic national society. There are players who are black-skinned, white-skinned, from China or from Hong Kong, but they are part of the Hong Kong Team. Putting it to the Hong Kong nation, a Hongkonger is not defined by his race, but rather, his civility. If the naturalised players are willing to wait for 7 years and be trained by the Hong Kong team, they can become part of the Hong Kong team. Football fans were thrilled whenever there were goals, no matter made by local Hongkongers or naturalised players. The linkage between players and fans is not a racial matter, but civility, or else local fans will not cheer when a White scored a goal.

Establish Our Strength through Football
Hong Kong is a small place, and it is hard to build up recognition with hard power, so we can only strengthen our subjectivity with soft power, such as culture and sports. The hard power of South Korea is not comparable with Japan and China, not to mention on the world. So Korea made itself well-known by soft power, such as Korean culture and sports (Taekwondo and football). The strength of Hong Kong football is not comparable to those years, but there were some surprising moments too. In 2009 East Asian Games, Hong Kong Team defeated the Asian football giant Japan in front of over 30,000 spectators, and won the first gold medal in football amid international sports events. The football clubs played well in Asian competitions. In 2009 AFC Cup, South China entered the semi-finals with the cheer from over 37,000 fans, but lost to Kuwait Sporting Club 0:1. Last year (2014), Kitchee also entered the semi-finals of the AFC Cup with the entire Mong Kong Stadium full with fans, but lost to Erbil from Iraq 2:3 in two rounds. This year (2015) is the first time when two Hong Kong teams entered the quarter-finals of the AFC Cup. Hong Kong Premier League (HKPL) was formed last year, and football clubs not only started their promotion for decorating, but also started finding better fields for training. Eastern Sports Club even hopes to be listed in five years, and has set targets of winning the AFC Cup in 4 years and AFC Championship in 7 years (the highest honour in Asia football club). HKFA hopes that the amenities for football in Hong Kong can be improved after the opening of Tseung Kwan O Football Training Centre in 2017. With the passion, it is expected that the football development of Hong Kong will be improved, and Hong Kong can be more influential in the football field.

Stay Local, Support Hong Kong Football
Recently there is a documentary Finding Cheung Chi Doy, focusing on the long-forgotten football star and introducing out once-famous hero. Cheung was the first Chinese player in the top football clubs in Europe. He once played in Blackpool, a League One team (the top league in England at that time). Most Hongkongers do not know this part of history because there is no introduction to the past football history.

In order to enhance national recognition, Hongkongers need to support Hong Kong football, and should not confine our vision only on football matches elsewhere, and to attach importance to training the next batch of potential players. The vital key is the support from Hongkongers - buying tickets and watch the matches, or even providing suggestions for improvement. With pressure, the HKFA will change its tack. In terms of policy, the government should train players and provide a long term planning. There is a severe lack of football training venues. The clubs or Hong Kong Team cannot help but use poor venues, and are given time restriction when using them. The administration shall build a large training venue as soon as possible, as well as set up a well-structured youth system. Belgium is a good example. With good policies, the ranking raised from 71st (2007) to what is now the 2nd, with stars like Eden Hazard and Thibault Courtois.

Regarding Youth System, clubs can work with schools to encourage students playing football, so as to change the situation of "too much emphasis on marks but too few on PE". On the other hand, the government shall improve the quality of football fields. In 2013, the Hong Kong stadium scandal smeared the name of Hong Kong when we host a match, as the supposedly grass pit become a mud ground. There was a mistake in the renovation of Mong Kok Stadium, where the capacity was reduced. We can be sure that the risk of players getting hurt will increase if the venue is poor. Besides improvement over all fields, the authorities concerned shall build a cost-efficient standard football field.

Also, the government and HKFA should unswervingly combat match-rigging. After a match in 2014, 17 players were brought away by ICAC because of suspected match-rigging. In 2011, a young Hong Kong player was abetted by a Communist Party member to buy his fellow teammates off and rig the results. Not only on the football field, we do not tolerate any corruption in any fields in Hong Kong. Integrity is one of the core values of Hong Kong. Hong Kong football can only flourish under fair competition. If Hongkongers support Hong Kong football, our once pride can be reinvigorated, so as to stop the intrusion of Chinese element, and become a genuine city with values and culture.

From 1986 to 2009, Hong Kong team had produced several great moments for us. I hereby quote the book of Dr John Lee Chun-wing, Football Kingdom: "To some people, football might only be a game where 22 people chase after a ball; but for football fans, what happened on the field is certainly not a meaningless chase." To me, football is the game after our dreams. Even clouds might overshadow Hong Kong, we Hongkongers shall go after our dreams and make miracles.